home works topics quotations search Admin Edit ODD: cgl.oddEdit ODD: docx.odd Download App as .xar API Documentation

Generating file ...


Editorial Principles

The corpus of texts known as the Grammatici Latini comprises the Latin grammars written between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD and edited by Heinrich Keil in Leipzig, from 1855 to 1880. Keil’s philological criteria are now to some extent outdated; his selection and collation are incomplete and not always reliable; some works are represented only partly or simply by a specimen. Therefore, in our corpus, we replaced Keil’s edition by the most recent ones, whenever available, and works that were published in an incomplete form in Keil have been integrated in complete editions; when only partial modern editions exist, we did not include them in the corpus.

Agroecius, de orthographia GL 7,113-125 M. Pugliarello 1978
Alcuinus, de orthographia GL 7,295-312 S. Bruni 1997
Apthonius, de metris omnibus GL 6,31,17-173
[Apthonius] de metris Horatianis GL 6,174-184
ars Bobiensis GL 1,533-565 M. De Nonno 1982
Arusianus Messius, exempla elocutionis GL 7,449-514 A. Di Stefano 2011 (CGL 6)
[Asper] ars maior GL 5,547,5-554
Audax, excerpta de Scauro et Palladio GL 7,320-362
Augustinus, ars breuiata GL 5,494-496,12 G. Bonnet 2013
[Augustinus] regulae GL 5,496,15-524 L. Martorelli 2011 (CGL 7)
Bassus, de metris GL 6,255-272 G. Morelli 2011, 5-44 (CGL 11)
[Bassus] ars de metris GL 6,305-306 G. Morelli 2011, 103-106 (CGL 11)
[Bassus] breuiatio pedum, de compositionibus, genera uersuum, poeticae species Latinae GL 6,307-312 G. Morelli 2011, 107-119 (CGL 11)
Beda, de arte metrica GL 7,227-260 C. Kendall 1975, 81-141
Beda, de orthographia GL 7,261-294 C. Jones 1975, 7-57
[Caper] de orthographia GL 7,92-107,2
[Caper] de uerbis dubiis GL 7,107,4-112
Cassiodorus, de orthographia GL 7,143-210,5 P. Stoppacci 2010
[Censorinus] de musica et de metrica GL 6,607-617 N. Sallmann 1983, 71-86
Charisius, ars GL 1,1-296 K. Barwick 1964²
Cledonius, ars GL 5,9-79 H. Bertsch 1884
Consentius, de barbarismis et metaplasmis GL 5,386-404 M. Niedermann 1937, 1-32
Consentius, de nomine et uerbo GL 5,338-385
de dubiis nominibus GL 5,571-594 E. Spangenberg Yanes 2020 (CGL 16)
de finalibus (de syllabis, regulae de finalibus, Coronati scholastici de finalibus, de primis, mediis et ultimis syllabis de finalibus syllabis omnium partium)
D. Corazza 2011, 165-181 (CGL 10)
Diomedes, ars GL 1,299-529
Donatianus, fragmentum GL 6,275,11-277 G. Morelli 2011, 52-55 (CGL 11)
Donatus, ars maior GL 4,367-402 L. Holtz 1981, 603-674
Donatus, ars minor GL 4,355-366 L. Holtz 1981, 585-602
Dositheus, ars GL 7,376-436 G. Bonnet 2005
Eutyches, de uerbo GL 5,447-488
Fortunatianus, de metris Horatianis GL 6,278-304 G. Morelli 2011, 59-100 (CGL 11)
frg. Berolinense de heroo hexametro GL 6,633-634,9
frg. Berolinense de speciebus hexametri GL 6,634,11-637,15
frg. Bobiense de accentibus GL 7,539,17-540,9
frg. Bobiense de finalibus syllabis GL 6,625,8-626
frg. Bobiense de metris GL 6,629,9-22
frg. Bobiense de nomine GL 7,540,21-544 S. Mariotti 1984, 59-68
frg. Bobiense de nomine et pronomine GL 5,555-566 M. Passalacqua 1984, 3-19
frg. Bobiense de propriis nominibus GL 7,540,11-19
frg. Bobiense de structuris GL 6,627-629,7
frg. Bobiense de uerbo ad Seuerianum GL 5,634-654 M. Passalacqua 1984, 21-60
frg. Bobiense de uersibus GL 6,620-625,6 L. Nosarti 1992, 88-95
frg. Lauantinum in artes Donati GL 5,325,25-326,23
frg. Leidense in artes Donati GL 5,325,2-23
frg. Monacense de barbarismo GL 5,327,2-30
frg. Parisinum de iambico metro GL 6,630,2-631,12
frg. Parisinum de idiomatibus casuum GL 4,566-572
frg. Parisinum de nominibus in CT GL 5,326,25-30
frg. Parisinum de notis GL 7,533-536
frg. Parisinum de praepositionibus et uerbis GL 7,34,5-35
frg. Parisinum de rhythmo GL 6,631,14-632
frg. Parisinum de uerbo GL 5,655 P. De Paolis 1990, 178
frg. Sangallense de epodo octosyllabo GL 6,640,13-641,5
frg. Sangallense de iambico trimetro GL 6,638,23-639,12
frg. Sangallense de pentametro GL 6,639,14-640,11
frg. Sangallense de scansione heroici uersus GL 6,637,18-638,21
frg. Sangermanense de schematibus GL 5,328,12-20
frg. Vaticanum de positura, de chria, de poemate GL 6,273-275,9 G. Morelli 2011, 47-51 (CGL 11)
frg. Vindobonense de pedibus GL 6,646
frg. Weissenburgense de caesuris GL 6,645,25-35
Iulianus Toletanus, ars GL 5,317-324 M. Maestre Yenes 1973
Macrobius, excerpta de uerborum Graeci et Latini differentiis uel societatibus (1) GL 5,599-630
+ GL 5,631-633
P. De Paolis 1990
Mallius Theodorus, de metris GL 6,585-601 F. Romanini 2007 (CGL 4)
Marius Victorinus, ars GL 6,3-31,16 I. Mariotti 1967
Martyrius, de B muta et V uocali GL 7,165-199
Maximus Victorinus, de ratione metrorum GL 6,216-228
+ GL 6,229-239
+ GL 6,240,2-10
D. Corazza 2011, 5-64 (CGL 10)
[Palaemon] regulae GL 5,533-547,2 M. Rosellini 2001 (CGL 1)
Papiri(an)us, de orthographia GL 7,216,8-14
Phocas, de nomine et uerbo GL 5,410-439,7 F. Casaceli 1974
[Phocas] de aspiratione GL 5,439,10-441 C. Jeudy 1976, 212-216
Pompeius, in artem Donati GL 5,95-312
Priscianus, institutio de nomine GL 3,443-456 M. Passalacqua 1999, 5-41
Priscianus, ars GL 2,1-3,377
Priscianus, libri minores (de figuris numerorum, de metris Terentii, praeexercitamina) GL 3,405-440 M. Passalacqua 1987
Priscianus, partitiones GL 3,459-515 M. Passalacqua 1999, 45-128
[Priscianus] de accentibus GL 3,519-528 C. Giammona 2012 (CGL 12)
[Probus] appendix GL 4,193-204 S. Asperti – M. Passalacqua 2014
[Probus] instituta artium GL 4,47-192
[Probus] de catholicis GL 4,3-43
[Probus] de nomine GL 4,207-216 M. Passalacqua 1984, 61-75
[Probus] de ultimis syllabis ad Caelestinum GL 4,219-264
Rufinus, de metris oratorum GL 6,565,9-578 P. D’Alessandro 2004 (CGL 3)
Rufinus, in metra comicorum GL 6,554-565,8 P. D’Alessandro 2004 (CGL 3)
Sacerdos, ars GL 6,427-546
Scaurus, de orthographia GL 7,11-33,13 F. Biddau 2008 (CGL 5)
[Scaurus] de ordinatione partium orationis GL 7,33,14-34,4
[Sergius] explanationes in artes Donati GL 4,486-565
Sergius, de littera de syllaba de pedibus GL 4,475-485
[Sergius] de arte grammatica GL 7,537-539,15 + L. Munzi 1993, 110-115
Seruius, de centum metris ad Albinum GL 4,456-467 M. Elice 2013 (CGL 9)
Seruius, de finalibus ad Aquilinum GL 4,449-455
Seruius, de metris Horatii ad Fortunatianum GL 4,468-472
Seruius, in Donati artem maiorem GL 4,421-448
Seruius, in Donati artem minorem GL 4,405-420
Seuerus, de pedibus GL 6,641,25-645,24
Terentianus, de littera de syllaba de pedibus GL 6,325-413 C. Cignolo 2002 (CGL 2)
Velius Longus, de orthographia GL 7,46-81 M. Di Napoli 2011 (CGL 8)
[Victorinus siue Palaemon] ars GL 6,187-215
[Victorinus] de finalibus GL 6,240,12-242
[Victorinus] de soloecismo et barbarismo GL 5,327,32-328,10 M. Niedermann 1937, 32-37

(1) Main text : extracts from Macrobius’ treatise de uerborum Graeci Latinique differentiis uel societatibus made by a 'Iohannes' and found in MS Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF), Lat. 7186, second half of 9th c.
App. crit. : extracts from the same treatise found in MS Napoli, Biblioteca Nazionale, Lat. 2 (olim Vindobonensis 16), 7th-8th c.

The textual choices of these editions are faithfully reproduced. Nevertheless, we provide an autonomous text, which is the result of a systematic work of ‘pre-edition’. As Valeria Lomanto (‘A Concordance to Keil’s Latin Grammarians’, Computer and the Humanities 24, 1990, 429-430) wrote, ‘The pre-edition consists of a number of operations which aim to make the texts homogeneous from the point of view of form and to insert information which, while not present in the actual texts, may be gathered from the philological and exegetic tradition’.

For the sake of general coherence, titles, attributions and structure of some texts have been modified. Thus, for example, the pseudo-Fronto in GL 7,515-532 (= 387-403 Barwick) and the anonymous de idiomatis generum in GL 4,573-584 (= 450-463 Barwick) have been put under Charisius’ name; Marius Victorinus sections in GL 6,31,17-173,31 + 174,1-184,14 are found under Apthonius’ name.

Orthography and punctuation have been made uniform:

  1. consonantal and vocalic “i” and “u” are not distinguished
  2. the use of capitals is restricted to proper names (divinities, people, ethnica and their derivates, toponyms and the names of months and festivities)
  3. the accentuation of Greek has been modified whenever it fails to conform to standard practice
  4. certain aberrations in punctuation, especially in Greek passages, have been removed
  5. parentheses are no longer marked by dashes but by round brackets in the case of whole phrases, and by commas in the case of single words
  6. to enable the collation of parallel passages all abbreviations have been expanded (proper names, the initials of words forming quotations, abridged writing etc.).

Greek and Latin quotations have been identified, marked and attributed to their authors. The references to modern editions of literary works and collections of fragments appear in the form of footnotes. In the case of authors whose quotations are not published in any existing collection, we have referred to the articles of the Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (RE) or to recent studies, whenever available. Concerning the formal aspects of the quotations:

  1. the titles of literary works quoted by the grammarians appear in italics
  2. the literary quotations appear within the text in italics instead of being distinguished by inverted commas, indents, character spacings etc. The inverted commas recurring in some editions have also been eliminated when they single out isolated forms that are meant to illustrate a grammatical rule
  3. every change of speaker in dialogues is indicated by a double colon.

The system of metrical scansion is unified through the use of dots which replace division of the words or subscript signs. All accents have been eliminated.

All references external to the text itself have been eliminated, namely:

  1. the numbering of books, chapters and paragraphs
  2. the single or double slash which mark the end of pages in previous editions
  3. all references both within a work and to other works
  4. isolated dashes or those which oppose an incorrect form to a correct one or which indicate the transition to another topic or which replace a word
  5. all textual variants given in brackets.

The following conventional diacritic signs are used:

  • { } for deletions
  • ‹ › for insertions (replacing the italics of the oldest editions)
  • ( ) for expanded forms
  • * for lacunae (replacing dots or formulae such as aliquid desideratur, deest folium unum etc. in the oldest editions)
  • † for loci desperati.

For lists of relevant examples, see:
– Grilli A., N. Marinone, V. Lomanto et al. (1979), ‘Concordanza dei Grammatici Latini’, Suppl. Atti dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Cl. sc. mor., st. e filol., 112.
– Lomanto V. (1983), Concordantiae in Q. Aurelii Symmachi Opera, Hildesheim, Olms, vii-ix.
– Lomanto V. – N. Marinone (1994), ‘Philologie et informatique: résultats et projets’, Revue Informatique et Statistique dans les Sciences Humaines (RISSH) 30, 55-74.